Type: Aerophones > Panflutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.112.11
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The paixiao [in Traditional Chinese: 排簫simplified: 排箫; pinyin: páixiāo; also pái xiāo, pai-hsiao, pronounced in IPA: pʰǎɪ̯ɕi̯ɑ́ʊ̯] it is an ancient Chinese wind instrument, a form of Pan flute or panpipe. A major difference between the Chinese paixiao its counterpart traditions of panpipe playing in Europe and South America.
Is that the Paixiao has notches cut into each tube or slightly bevelled with angles. This allows for bending the pitch in similar capacity to the dongxiao down a minor second. This allows Chinese paixiao to be fully chromatic without loss in timbre, even though the included pipes are tuned diatonically.
A musician named Gao Ming [高明] plays a version called the paidi in the Tang Dynasty Music and Dance Show at the Shaanxi Grand Opera House in Xi’an; he has been a member of this ensemble since 1982. While his instrument superficially resembles the instrument used during the Tang Dynasty, its pipes have ducts rather than being end-blown, it is played with the pipes held horizontally rather than vertically, and it is set up to play in parallel thirds.