The ‘Pan Flute’ [also known as panpipes or syrinx] is a musical instruments based on the principle of the closed tube, consisting of multiple pipes of gradually increasing length and occasionally girth. Multiple varieties of pan flutes have been popular as folk instruments. The pipes are typically made from bamboo, giant cane, or local reeds. Other materials include wood, plastic, metal and ivory.
Etymology: In Greek mythology, Syrinx [Σύριγξ] was a forest Nymph. In her attempt to escape the affection of god Pan, who was a creature composed of being half man and half goat. The the calamos [cane-reed] was gathered by Pan and transformed into a panflute. Pan cut several reeds, placed them in parallel one next to the other, and bound them together to make a melodic musical instrument.
The Ancient Greeks called this instrument Syrinx, in honour of the Muse and Pandean or Pan-pipes and Pan-flute, after Pan. The Syrinx, a predominantly pastoral instrument for the Greeks, was adopted by the Etruscans who played it at their festivals and banquets; the Etruscans called it fistula. The Romans adopted the Syrinx from the Greeks and the Etruscans, and they too played it at their banquets, festivals, as well as in religious and funeral processions.