Type: Duct / Fipple > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.221.12
Country: Bolivia & Peru.
Region: South America.
Description: The tarka [in Quechua, Aymara: tharqa] is an pre-Colombian indigenous flute of the Andes. The tarka is a unique flute of the Andes made by artisans from the western region of Bolivia and Peru Sierra region.
Sizes: The tarka has three variants: big, medium sized that is tuned by fifth above and small tuned by octave above. Usually all three kinds of tarka are used together in a big ensemble, all playing the same melody on three voices at fixed intervals and accompanied by percussion instruments [tinya, wankara]. This traditional genre is called tarqueada.
Construction: The tarka is built around the fipple / duct. Tarka’s usually have 6 finger holes. Either available in plain design or highly ornate with carvings and coloured painting.
Citations: Bibliography: New Grove Dictionary of Music by Stanley Sadie ; Pacoweb.net