Type: Duct / Fipple Flute > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.221.12
Region: Eastern Europe.
Description: The sopilka [n Ukrainian: Cопiлка pronounced as “sop-il-ka”] is a name applied to a variety of woodwind instruments of the flute family played by Ukrainian folk instrumentalists. Sopilka most commonly refers to a recorder like flute having an internal duct. The sopilka has six to ten finger holes. The term is also used to describe a related set of folk instruments similar to recorder, incorporating a fipple and having a constricted end.
Sopilkas are used by a variety of Ukrainian folkloric ensembles recreating the traditional music of the various sub-ethnicities in western Ukraine, most notably that of the Hutsuls of the Carpathian Mountains. Often employing several sopilkas in concert, a skilled performer can mimic a variety of sounds found in nature, including bird-calls and insects.
Construction: Although that can be made of multiple number of materials. Traditionally wood is favoured for this instrument. Sopilka can have up to 9 finger holes per instrument.
Citations: Dverij, R. Shkola hry na khromatychnii sopiltsi – Lviv, 2008 Part 1-72 pages, part 2 – 68 pages, part 3 – 64 pages ; Humeniuk, A. – Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty – Kiev: Naukova dumka, 1967 Mizynec, V. – Ukrainian Folk Instruments – Melbourne: Bayda books, 1984 ; Cherkasky, L. – Ukrainski narodni muzychni instrumenty // Tekhnika, Kiev, Ukraine, 2003 – 262 pages. ISBN 966-575-111-5