Type: Fipple Flute > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.221.12
Specimens: 1 in collection
Country: Bolivia, Peru, Argentina, Equador.
Region: South Americas.
Description: A pincullo, also called pinkuyllu or pinqullu [Quechua or Aymara] hispanicized spellings pincollo, pincuyllo, pingullo, pinquillo, also pinkillo, pinkiyo, pinkullo, pinkuyo. It is a duct flute found throughout the Andes, used primarily in Argentina, Bolivia, Chile, Ecuador and Peru. It is usually played with one hand, leaving the other one free to accompany oneself on a drum like the tinya [double sided drum]. It is used in a variety of public festivals and other kinds of communal ceremonies.
Cultural Significance: In the Andes the pinkillu is played during the early rainy season to celebrate cattle and farming. The pinkillu is often played in pairs or ensembles during the rainy season and at festivals. In Bolivia it is believed that the pinkillu made from cane attracts rainfall. The pinkillu is moistened with alcohol or water before playing, and are associated with fertility.
Citations: Teofilo Laime Ajacopa, Diccionario Bilingüe Iskay simipi yuyayk’ancha, La Paz, 2007 [Quechua-Spanish dictionary] Diccionario Quechua – Español – Quechua, Academía Mayor de la Lengua Quechua, Gobierno Regional Cusco, Cusco 2005 ; Quechua-Spanish dictionary – Radio San Gabriel, “Instituto Radiofonico de Promoción Aymara” IRPA 1993, Republicado por Instituto de las Lenguas y Literaturas Andinas-Amazónicas (ILLLA-A) 2011, Transcripción del Vocabulario de la Lengua Aymara, P. Ludovico Bertonio 1612 [Spanish-Aymara-Aymara-Spanish dictionary] Romero, Raul 2001. “Peru”. In Koskoff, Ellen. Garland Encyclopedia of World Music: South America, Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean. Vol. 3. Taylor & Francis. pp. 466–502. ISBN 978-0-8240-4947-8. Retrieved 25 Sep 2011. Baumann, Max 2004. “Music and Worldview of Indian Societies in the Bolivian Andes”. In Kuss, Marlena. Music in Latin America and the Caribbean. Volume One. University Of Texas Press. pp. 300–303. ISBN 978-0-292-70298-1. Retrieved 25 Sep 2011. bitacoradeunmusicblog.blogspot.com [Pinkullu, Potosino article]