Algoza

Name: Algoza.
Type: Duct / Fipple Flute > Aerophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.221.12
Country: Punjab, Rajasthan, Baluchistan & India.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The algoza or Paduthambi [in Sindhi: الغوزو, in Punjabi: الغوزہ / Shahmukhi, ਅਲਗ਼ੋਜ਼ਾ Gurumukhi or Jodiya Pava [in Gujarati, Kutchi: જોડિયા પાવા] is a pair of duct flutes adopted by Punjabi, Sindhi, Kutchi, Rajasthani and Baloch folk musicians. It is also called Mattiyan ,Jōrhi, Pāwā Jōrhī, Do Nālī, Donāl, Girāw, Satārā or Nagōze. The instrument consists of two joined flutes that are either tied together or the algoza can held together loosely with the hands.

Playing Techniques: Primarily circular breathing is used so that a continuous uninterrupted flow of air during performance. The quick recapturing of breath on each beat creates a bouncing, swinging rhythm. The wooden instrument initially comprised two flute pipes of the same length but over time, one of them was shortened for sound purposes. In the world of Alghoza playing, the two flute pipes are a couple — the longer one is the male and the shorter one the female instrument. With the use of beeswax, the instrument can be scaled to any tune.

Citations: “Alghoza”. Asian Music Circuit. Retrieved 7 December 2015. Pande, p. 70 Usman, Maryam [2013-08-26]. “Instrumental Ecstasy concert: A retreat into the rhythms of Sindhi classical tunes”. The Express Tribune. Retrieved 2015-12-07. Peerzada, Salman [2014-09-13]. “Cultural heritage and the French connection”. Dawn. Retrieved 2015-12-07. Kaur, Simmypreet [2011-10-01]. “ਲੰਮੀ ਹੇਕ ਦੀ ਮਲਿਕਾ ਗੁਰਮੀਤ ਬਾਵਾ” [The queen of the long vocal note]. The Punjabi Tribune [in Punjabi]. Retrieved 2013-10-17. Majari, Surjit [2010-12-25]. “ਰਵਾਇਤੀ ਗਾਇਕੀ ਨੂੰ ਸੰਭਾਲਣ ਦੀ ਲੋੜ” [Need to preserve traditional music]. The Punjabi Tribune [in Punjabi] Retrieved 2012-05-10. “લોક કલા | ગુજરાત રાજ્ય સંગીત નાટક અકાદમી : રમતગમત, યુવા અને સંસ્કૃતિ પ્રવૃત્તિઓ વિભાગ, ગુજરાત સરકાર”. sangeetnatak.gujarat.gov.in. Retrieved 2017-07-12. “માનકૂવા ગામે રવિવારે આર્ટ ફેસ્ટીવલ યોજાશે”. દિવ્ય ભાસ્કર. 14 October 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2017.