Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Duct.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.211.12
Country: Bolivia & Peru.
Region: South America.
Description: The tarka [in Quechua, in Aymara: tharqa] is a pre-Colombian indigenous flute of the Andes. The tarka is a unique flute of the Andes made by artisans from the western region of Bolivia and Peru Sierra region.
Sizes: The tarka has three sizes who are tuned approximately a fifth apart representing grande [big], medio [medium] and pequeño [small]. Usually all three kinds of tarka are used together in a big ensemble, all playing the same melody on three voices at fixed intervals and accompanied by percussion instruments [tinya, wankar]. This traditional genre is called tarqueada.
Construction: The tarka is built around the fipple or duct. Tarka’s usually have six finger holes and lacks a thumb hole. Either available in plain design or highly ornate with carvings and coloured painting.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Grinnell College Musical Instrument Collection / tarka ; DBpedia / Tarka flute /