Type: Aerophones > Duct > Flutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.211.12
Region: Eastern Europe.
Description: Sopilka [in Ukrainian: Cопiлка, pronounced “so-pil-ka”] is a name applied to a variety of woodwind instruments of the flute family used by Ukrainian folk instrumentalists. Having six to ten finger holes. The term is also used to describe a related set of folk instruments similar to a recorder in sound and construction.
Sopilkas are used by a variety of Ukrainian folkloric ensembles recreating the traditional music of the various sub-ethnicities in western Ukraine, most notably that of the Hutsuls of the Carpathian Mountains. Often employing several sopilkas in concert, a skilled performer can mimic a variety of sounds found in nature, including bird-calls and insects.
Citations: Bibliography: Дверій, Р. Школа гри – на хроматичний сопілці /, 2008 Part 1-72 pages, part 2 – 68 pages, part 3 – 64 pages [in English: Door, R. School game – on a chromatic flute] ; in Ukrainian: Гуменюк А. – Українські народні музичні інструменти, In English: Gumenyuk A. – Ukrainian folk musical instruments ; Київ: Наукова думка, 1967 ; Mizynec, V. Ukrainian Folk Instruments – Melbourne: Bayda books, 1984 ; Cherkasky, L. – Українські народні музичні інструменти // Техніка, Київ, Україна, 2003 – 262 pages. ISBN 966-575-111-5 ;