Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Duct > Ring.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.221.12
Country: South Sumatra & Jambi Sumatra, Indonesia.
Region: South East Asia.
Description: The serdam is a duct flute that is found in South Sumatra and Jami Sumatra, Indonesia. The player utilizes circular breathing in performance. Playing the serdam often involves ornamentation in the melody and improvisation. On sad occasions the serdam is played when some one is dying or when a married woman longs for her home village or on certain days after a bereavement.
The serdam is about 50 cm in length. It is played in an oblique position. The duct is completed by a ring of bamboo a diameter wider than the flute its self. The ring its self is made from rattan. The distance of the finger holes is proportionate to the diameter of the bamboo.
Citations: Bibliography: Margret J. Kartomi, Stanley Sadie ~ New Grove Dictionary Of Music Vol, 3 Book P to Z Pages 347 ; Websites: