Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Duct.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.221.12
Country: Byelorussia, Russia & Ukraine.
Region: East Europe.
Description: The dudka is a duct flute that is played in Byelorussia, Russia and Ukraine. Belorussian regional names include pasvistsyol, svistsyol [in Byelorussian; свистсиол] , svishchik [in Byelorussian; свисхцхик], svistok [in Byelorussian: свисток], sipovka [in Byelorussian: сиповка] and sapyolka [in Byelorussian: сапиолка] .
Etymology: The name dudka has the same root as dut [‘blow’] and dukh [‘air’]. These names reflect regional tone and register characteristics: in central Belarus the sound is high, clear, sonorous, and somewhat chilly, while in the south it is muted and murky, enriched by noisy overtones.
Construction: The names of the dudka’s parts imply anthropomorphism: the tube is called a body, the plug is a heart or navel, the beak is a nose, etc. Dudkas differ in size ranging from 1.5 cm to 45 cm in length, rarely up to 80 cm in length. Their number of finger-holes, none or four to eight although most commonly six or seven. The range of the dudka may include from one to nine notes, and finally the tuning.
Citations: Bibliography: Inna D. Nazina and Ihor Macijewski ; Websites: Grove Music Online / Dudka article / ;