Dili Kaval

Name: Dili Kaval.
Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Duct.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.211.12
Country: Azerbaijan.
Region: Caucasus.

Description: The dili kaval [in Azeri: Tütək] is a traditional fipple flute from Turkey and Azerbaijan. They are typically made of plum, ebony, or apricot wood. They have a seven holes on the front and a thumb hole on the back.

Playing Techniques: The lowest hole on the front is seldom played, if ever covered while playing. Similar to a penny whistle, the register can be controlled by the force of breath. The word “dilli” is Turkish for “tongued” and alludes to the fact that this flute has a duct or “fipple” rather than being rim-blown like a conventional kaval.

Construction: The tube of the flute is made of apricot, walnut or mulberry or reed. The tube of the flute is 280 mm to 300 mm in length and 20 mm in diameter. It has seven finger-holes on the front side and one on the back side. A wooden plug, which is cut slantwise, is inserted into the top end of the dilli kaval.  

Citations: Websites: Atlas of Traditional Music Azerbaijan ; Youtube Video by @ By Ögr. Gör. Dr. Mahmut Karagenç  İzmir Kültür Sanat ve Eğitim Vakfı

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