Type: Aerophones > Flutes > Duct.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 421.211.12
Description: The atenteben [atɛntɛbɛn] is a bamboo duct flute from Ghana. The instrument originated with the Akan ethnic group of south-central Ghana, particularly in the region of the Kwahu Plateau. It was first popularized throughout the nation by the Ghanaian musicologist Dr. Ephraim Amu [1899–1995].
It was also featured in the Pan-African Orchestra led by Nana Danso Abiam and Dela Botri, a former member of the Orchestra is among Ghana’s foremost exponents of the instrument. Since 2004, Botri has combined the atenteben with hiplife music on his recordings.
Etymology: Its name derives from the roots atente [the type of music played] and aben [Twi: ‘whistle’ or ‘horn’]. The famous Ghanaian composer and teacher Ephraim Amu developed the modern atenteben in the mid-1940s. He changed it from a transverse flute capable of playing only five notes to an end-blown vertical flute with a wooden block forming a duct just below a node.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Gavin Webb – Grove Dictionary Online [Atenteben article] ;