Name: Dan Gao.
Type: Bowed > Dan > Spike Fiddle > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.311.7
Region: South East Asia.
Description: A Vietnamese two-stringed fiddle having a resonator made of a coconut shell. It is similar to the Tro U, Laotian So u and Dan Ho. It is apart of the traditional Vietnamese orchestra. Originating from South Vietnam, it is used in secular entertainment content. It can be played alone, as part of an orchestra, or to accompany cải lương [Vietnamese folk opera].
Construction: The resonator of the dan-gao is the coconut shell covered by leather. The neck extends from the coconut shell with out frets. The head of the neck bends back and offers tuning two wooden tuning pegs. There are only two strings for this instrument. Silk is traditionally used although today metal is common. The bow is usually made from bamboo.
Citations: Bibliography: Terry E. Miller, Sean Williams The Garland handbook of Southeast Asian music Routledge 2008 Page 263 ; Stanley Sadie – New Grove Dictionary of Music Page 542 Dangali ;