Type: Guitar > Lute > Chordophone.
Region: India > South Asia.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321
Dimensions: Scale Length 63.7 cm.
Manufacturer: Debashish Bhattacharya, TriDeb Co, Calcutta India.
Acquisition Source: Debashish Bhattacharya via order, Randy Raine-Reusch.
Description: The chatturangui is essentially a slide guitar who went under a series of modifications by its designer and inventor Debashish Bhattacharya. It is played with a slide. Since the 1940s the Hawaiian slide guitar was introduced to Calcutta (Kolkata) India by Mr. Tau Moe and his band. The 1960's were considered to be the golden era for the slide guitar as it became used in early filmi (Film music) bands. Numerous musicians picked up the guitar like Sunil Ganguly, Rajat Nandi, Sujit Nath, Abhijit Nath and Kaji Aniruddha were all renowned for their contributions to Indian film music. Not until quite recently the slide guitar had the foot hold in Indian Classical Music.
Tunings: As with its direct ancestral instrument the Hawaiian slide guitar. The chatturangui utilizes open tunings in the chords of D Major, D Minor, G Major, G Minor. Debashish Bhattacharya developed a family of these instruments including Ghandarva a smaller sized version chatturangui having 12 playing strings. The Ghandarva is tuned in Open E Major, or Open E Minor a tone above D. The Ananda a small four stringed slide guitar slightly larger then an octave guitar in size.
|Open D Major||D A D F# A D|
|Open D Minor||D A D F A D|
|Open G Major||D G D G B D|
|Open G Minor||D G D G Bb D|