|West Africa Guitar Tunings|
|Taara No. 1||C Maj 6th||C / A / D / G / B / E|
|Sinquente Cix||Open G Major||D / G / D / G / B / D|
|F / A / D / G / B / E|
|Taara No. 2||F / A / D / G / C / E|
|Jarabi||F / C / D / G / C / E|
|Wassalou / Songhai||Raised A Major||G / A / D / G / B / E|
|Djeli Madi Tounkara||C / Bb / D / G / C / F|
|Djeli Madi Tounkara||Rentrant C#||C# / F# / B / E / G# / C#|
Citations: Bibliography: Mande Music by Eric Charry pp. 288-290 Guitar Tuning ~ Traditional And Modern Music of the Maninka and Mandinka of Western Africa. The University of Chicago Press ISBN 0-226-101062-2 © 2000 ;
|Guitar Tunings / Central & East Africa|
|Standard||E Min 11||E / A / D / G / B / E|
|E Min7+11||E / A / D / G / B / D|
|Mi Composé||E / A / [d] / G / B / E|
|Jean Bosco Mwenda||F / A / D / G / C / E|
|Botswana||F / X / A / C / F / X|
|Daniel Kachamba||Full C|
|Daniel Kachamba||Half C|
|Daniel Kachamba||KG High Six|
|Daniel Kachamba||Spanish||E / C# / A / E / A / E|
|Zambia||D Maj 7||D / A / D / F# / A / C#|
|Hauyani||G / E / C / G / E / C|
|Hauyani||G / E / C / G / C / C|
Note: The “X” denotes removed strings. Mi Composé tuning as used for Rumba and Soukous in Congo DRC, differs from the standard tuning. In which only the D string has been replaced with the bottom E string to raise the D to an entire octave.
The “Lazy D Tuning” E A D G B D as we know it in North America; is used in the genre of Maskandi music.
The tuning mentioned in the table under Botswana comes from a youtube channel Bokete7 featuring guitarists who perform a unique way in playing guitar example Ronnie performing Ba Koba Bana Where it is tuned to an open chord tuning although it not the same F X A C F X. The X denotes a missing string and the guitar is often flipped so the strings are facing from the bottom up like the Hawaiian slide guitar. Although played with strumming and picking. The amount of strings can vary from four stringed guitars, five stringed guitars to six stringed guitars.
Citations: Bibliography: Theory of African Music Volume II by Gerhard Kubik – Chapter IX Genealogy of a Malawian Musician Family pp. 247 ISBN-13: 978-0-226-45694-2 ISBN-10: 0-225-45694-3 ; Garland Encyclopedia Book Africa [book & audio cd] ; Africa & The Blues by Gerhard Kubik ; Some Characteristics Of The Blues Page 83 ; University Press of Mississippi ; ISBN 978-1-57807-146-4 ;
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This site does utilise google books and google patents to provide additional sourcing for documenting the origins of some instruments such as a patent number in file, particularly those considered to be inventions.
~ Graeme, Gibson.
Arabic Musical Instruments @ maqamworld.com
Debashish Bhattacharya @ debashishbhattacharya.com
Duduk @ duduk.com
Excavated Shellac @ excavatedshellac.com
Gregg Miner @ minermuseum.com
Grove Music Online @ oxfordmusiconline.com
Henry De Bruin @ atlasofpluckedinstruments.com
John Pappas @ greekfolkmusicanddance.com
Jaron Lanier @ jaronlanier.com
MIM @ mim.org
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Palmer Keen @ auralarchipelago.com
Randy Raine-Reusch @ asza.com
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