Name: Chitarra Battente.
Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.5
Tuning: A D G B E
Country: Calabria, Italy.
Region: South Europe & Mediterranean.
Description: The chitarra battente [in Italian “strumming guitar”] however “battente” literally means “beating”. The word “battente” is directly related to the particular playing technique used when playing this particular musical instrument. It is member of the lute and guitar sub-group of the chordophone family. It is similar to the five course baroque guitar.
History: It is considered a folk instrument, though it has its origins in the Italian court music in the early Baroque era. Musicologists refer to the “historical” as well as the “folk” chitarra battente. There are many examples of historical 17th century chitarra battente in museums.
Varieties: The chitarra battente comes in three sizes. The medium and large instruments are the most common. The instrument may have five or four courses of strings. These courses are typically double or triple, a“course” being a group of 2 or 3 strings plucked as a single unit. Thus chitarra battente is typically a five or four-course instrument.
Construction: There is a great variation in the waisted profile of the chitarra battente. The variations exist in the design, atheistic and the materials used in the construction of the musical instrument.