Type: Aerophones > Free > Reeds > Pipes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 412.131
Region: Far East Asia.
Description: The mangtong is a reed instrument that is a ground tube, it is also known among the Miao, Yi, Shui and Yao peoples. Miao language is called Dong Dong, Dong Guomu, meaning a reed. The instrument is called the “tube” and it means the big bamboo tube. Popular in Guizhou, Guangxi, Hunan and other provinces.
In Linxi Township, Sanjiang Dong Autonomous County, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, a polyphonic tube called a pair of cylinders is popular. It is to open all the bamboo knots of the bamboo resonance cylinder and the first and the last ends are opened to a 45° angle at an oblique opening.
Playing Techniques: When playing, the resonance cylinder is placed horizontally and played by two people. It can emit two tones of the main tone and the genre of the tune. This pair of cylinders is extremely rare in other villages.
When playing the mangtong; depending on the size of the canopy, the method of play varies. The bass tube is to be played, the resonance tube is placed on the ground, the player supports the barrel with the left hand and the spring tube is played in the tube with the right hand. When playing the middle and high-pitched tube. The player plays the left-handed resonance tube and the right hand holds the reed pipe. Once can dance while playing.
Construction: The reed pipe is made of a thin bamboo tube. The middle bamboo joint is transparent. The upper end nozzle is used as a mouthpiece. The lower end is closed, and a rectangular hole is opened at the bottom end, and a copper reed is formed, without sound hole.
The reed pipe is made of a thin bamboo tube, the middle bamboo joint is transparent. The upper end nozzle is used as a mouthpiece. The lower end is closed and a rectangular hole is opened at the bottom end. A copper reed is formed, without a sound hole. Reed pipes can also be used as reed pipes.
The resonance cylinder is made of thick bamboo tube, the upper end nozzle is cut into a 45° slope shape, the middle bamboo joint is opened and the bottom of the cylinder has two forms: open tube and closed tube: common bottom end is closed and closed, which is closed tube shape, another.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Wayback Machine Article / Mantong ;