Type: Bowed > Viols > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.313.7
Tuning: C / G / D / A
Description: The bambir [in Armenian: Բամբիռ] is a cello that was invented in the early 1950s and named after the ancient Armenian instrument. The smaller sized bambir has no membrane and only one sound hole. Its measurements are body length 40 cm; 24 cm width at the base, 12.5 cm in the middle. The bambir is widely adopted and used in Armenian folk ensembles.
Construction: Similar in appearance to a Western cello to which this design is based off. The instrument is slightly smaller in size. The body is allowed out from a single piece of wood. The sound holes of the bambir are 7 cm in length and 2.5 cm in width. Has several added sound hole about 5 mm in diameter. A thin animal membrane is stretched underneath the belly gives the bambir its distinctive timbre and a clean tone. The tone is closest to a muted cello although related in sound to the Persian Kamenche. The length o the body is 45 cm and the with varies from 29 cm at the base, 13 cm in the middle and 24 cm at the top.
Citations: Bibliography: Stanley Sadie – New Grove Dictionary of Music, Robert At’Ayan Balum, Page, 118 ;