Type: Short Necked > Lute > Chordophone.
Region: Peru > South America.
Hornbostel-Sach No#: 321.322.
Dimensions: Scale Length cm.
Manufacturer: Bellidos E. Hijos, De Jorge.
Manufacturing Date: 1954.
Acquisition Source: Rene Hugo Sanchez, Trip to Peru.
Description: The bandurria is a plucked short-necked lute and a member of the chordophone family of musical instruments. It has its origins in the Iberian peninsula in Spain and its close relatives are the bandolla, bandolin, laud and the mandolin and cittern. The term bandurria comes from the text "Libro De Buen Amor [the book of good love] a manuscript by Juan Ruiz [b. 1283 - d. 1350]. The bandurria was widely distributed from Latin America, South America and to the Philippines.
Bandurria in Peru: The bandurria often accompanied a dance called "zapateo" that made its way from Spain to Cuba to Latin America. During colonial times the bandurria occupied a predominant role in the Afro-Peruvian communities in Lima, and near by Coastal Peru. Today in Peru the bandurria has a strong presence in Cuzco and in Apurimac regions of Peru.
Variations of Bandurria: In Peru one would find the bandurria to have the strings arranged in 12, 14, 16 or 20 courses. A much larger type of bandurria called a marimacho bandurria. It is found only in the city of Cusco and its department and played as a soloists instrument. In Spanish the word "marimacho" translates into "hermaphrodite". The marimacho bandurria is tuned a fifth below from prima bandurria.