Types: Chordophones > Harps > Bridged.
Hornbostel-sachs No#: 325.5
Region: Sahel, North West Africa.
Description: The ardin is used to accompany solo singing, usually by women. Sometimes two harps accompany two women singers, together with either the drum. The ardin is an angle harp that is played by Moorish Women in Mauritania.
Playing Techniques: The harp is played with its body in front of the seated player, the neck to the left of the player’s head. It can be played with both hands or only with the left, the right then providing a percussive accompaniment on the sound table.
Construction: The Ardin usually has 11 to 14 strings and has a neck more then 100 cm in length. The neck is inserted into a calabash resonator. The resonator is about 40 cm in diameter. To form the resonator a calabash is stretched over with sheep skin. The strings are attached to a curved wooden rod on the sound table, in which each end of the rod diss appears. The tuning pegs are affixed at the upper end. Circular metal discs with small rings around the edges are fixed to the sound table.
Citations: Bibliography: K. A Gourlay ~ Grove Dictionary ; Eric Charry  Mande Music: Traditional and Modern Music of the Maninka and Mandinka of Western Africa. University of Chicago Press. p. 164 – ISBN 9780226101613 ; Websites: