Tag Archives: Veenas


Fretless Guitar [Pandit Vassant Rai]

Name: Fretless Guitar.
Type: Chordophones > Lutes.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.222.5.
Inventor:  Pandit Vassant Rai.
Tuning: B F# B G B E
Scale Length: mm.
Country: India.
Region: South Asia.

Vassant Rai
Vassant Rai performing the Alap for Rag Darbari Kanada on a fretless guitar modified from a classical guitar in 1981 screenshot [John Wilton: Youtube] ;
Description: This instrument was originally a standard classical guitar. It was later modified to exhibit the same properties of the melody strings on the sarod. The modification was done in a manner in where the original fretboard was removed and a polished steel fretless fingerboard was fitted onto the neck. it was developed and played by sarode player Pandit Vassant Rai during the early 1980s. The tuning is altered from standard E A D G B E to B F# B G B E respectively.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Pandit Vassant Rai performing the Alap of Rag Darbari Kannada on his modified fretless guitar 1981 / youtube / ;


Name: Chatturangui.
Type: Chordophones > Veenas > Chatturangui.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.222.5/6
Inventor: Debashish Bhattacharya.
Patent Number: 194031
Manufacturer: TIG Instruments.
Acquisition Date:
Acquisition Source: Debashish Bhattacharya.

Description: the chatturangui is a modified arch top Hawaiian slide guitar invented and patented as 194031 by Pandit Debashish Bhattacharya who studied as a pupil under This instrument was a the result of development originally from a six stringed slide guitar having a raised nut and two additional chikari [plucked drone strings]. The Chatturangui and its close relative the Mohan Veena as played by Pandit Vishwa Mohan Bhatt share the same dependency from same original design played by Pandit Brij Bushan Kabra.

Design and String Arrangement:

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Debashishbhattacharya.com ;


Name: Anandi.
Type: Chordophones > Veena > Chatturangui.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.222.5/6
Scale Length: mm.
Frets: Markers.
Courses: Single.
Strings: 4.
Inventor: Debashish Bhattacharya.
Patent Number: 
Manufacturer: TIG Instruments / Anandi.
Country: India.
Region: South Asia.

The Anandi meaning “bliss” in Sanskrit is a recently developed instrument by Pandit. Debashish Bhattacharya ;

Description: The Anandi meaning “bliss” in Sanskrit is a recently developed instrument by Pandit. Debashish Bhattacharya. It is a modified version of ukulele, inspired from the Weisenborn slide guitar in terms of body and profile tuned in fifths C3 G4 C3 G stringed version C2 G3 C4 G4 C5 G6 for a six stringed version also available. This instrument also has a raised nut and lacks frets although has markers in place.

Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Debashishbhattacharya.com ; YouTube Performance and demonstration of Anandi / Slide Ukulele by Debashish Bhattacharya video by Asian Arts Agency ;