Name: Viola amarantina.
Type: Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Tuning: D A B E A
Country: Amarante, Northern Portugal & Capo Verde.
Region: Iberian Peninsula & Western Europe.
Description: The viola amarantina is a stringed musical instrument from Amarante, Northern Portugal. It is also named viola de dois corações (two-hearted guitar) because of the two heart-shaped frontal openings. It has 10 strings in 5 courses. It is tuned D3 D2, A3 A2, B3 B2, E3 E3, A3 A3. The viola amarantina is also sometimes played in Cabo Verde.
Construction: The viola amarantina are traditionally constructed from walnut for the sides, pine for the soundboard and the neck in mahogany.