Type: Aerophones > Reeds > Single.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.211.2
Region: North Africa & Middle East.
Description: The arghul [Arabic: أرغول or يرغول] also spelled argul, arghoul, arghool, argol, or yarghul [in Israel], is a musical instrument. It has been used since Ancient Egyptian times and is still used as a traditional instrument in Egypt and Palestine.
Construction: The arghul is a double-pipe, single-reed woodwind instrument that consists of two tubes. A melody pipe with between five and seven holes and a longer drone [Arabic ardiyya, “ground”] pipe.
The tone of the arghul is similar to that of a clarinet, although a bit more reed-like. Unlike the similar midjwiz, the arghul has fingering holes on only one of the instrument’s pipes [the melody pipe] and the drone pipe has a detachable length that allows the player to alter the pitch of the drone.
Citations: Randy Raine-Reusch @ asza.com [arghul article] ;