Type: Aerophones > Shawm > Reeds > Multiple.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 422.112
Region: Middle East & North Africa.
Description: In Arabic music, a mizmār [Arabic: مزمار; plural مَزَامِير mazāmīr] is any single or double reed wind instrument. In Egypt, the term mizmar usually refers to the conical shawm that is called zurna in Turkey. Mizmar is also a term used for a group of musicians, usually a duo or trio, that play a mizmar instrument along with an accompaniment of one or two double-sided bass drums, known in Arabic as tabl baladi or simply tabl.
Mizmars are usually played in Egypt at either weddings or as an accompaniment to belly dancers. In Lebanon, the Palestinian Territories, and Syria, it is influenced by the Turkish zurna, a higher-pitched version of the mizmar, and may also be known in those countries as a zamr (زمر) or zamour, as well as mizmar.
In North Africa from Libya Algeria to Morocco a similar instrument is called ghaita or rhaita [غيطة]. Along with belly dancing, the mizmar may accompany the dabke, a folkloric line dance done in Lebanon, Syria, Palestine, and Iraq.
Citations: Bibliography: Berger, Shlomo; Brocke, Michael; Zwiep, Irene 2003; Zutot 2002, Dordrecht Kluwer Academic Publishers. p. 133. ISBN 1402013248 ;