Name: Jarana Jarocha.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Tuning: Often tuned to G C E A
Country: Southern Veracruz, Mexico.
Region: Central America.
Description: The jarana jarocha is a small guitar-like fretted stringed instrument, from the southern region of the state of Veracruz, Mexico.
Playing Techniques: It is almost a percussion instrument in the way it is played, with an accented down and double upstroke pattern that almost mimics the zapateado steps of the dancers.
Construction: The body is somewhat narrower than a guitar because of its direct ancestry from the Spanish baroque guitar of the sixteenth century. The jarana jarocha comes in at least five sizes, the smallest being the chaquiste, then the mosquito, the ‘primera’, the ‘segunda’, and finally the ‘tercera’.