Type: Bowed > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.312.7
Country: Punjab, India.
Region: South Asia.
Description: Esraj is a relatively recent musical instrument, being only about 300 years old. It is found in North India, primarily Punjab, where it is used in Sikh music and Hindustani classical compositions and in West Bengal. The esraj is a modern variant of the dilruba, differing slightly in structure. The dilruba and its variant, the esraj, had been declining in popularity for many decades. By the 1980s, the instrument was nearly extinct. However, with the rising influence of the “Gurmat Sangeet” movement, the instrument has been once again attracting attention. The scientist Satyendra Nath Bose often played the esraj in a corner of his house in Kolkata.