Type: Membranophones > Drums > Frame.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.311
Diameter: 25 cm.
Depth: 5.5 cm.
Region: South Asia.
Description: The arbana is a frame drum played by the Māppila [Muslims] Kerala, South India.
Construction: A frame made of wood from the jackwood tree is created. In which there are five sets of little symbols affixed each consisting of two or four iron or brass discs]. The diameter of the drum is measured to 25 cm.
The drum is reinforced by iron flanges. The membrane or head is made of stretched goat skin with out being tightened. Before the drum is used, the head is stretched by inserting a piece of vine in the space between the skin and frame.
Citations: Bibliography: Websites: Oxfordmusiconline.com / Arbana / Pribislav Pitoëff ;