Zhonghu

Name: Zhonghu.
Type: Bowed > Chordophones.
Family: Huqin.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.313
Tuning: A E or G D
Pa-Yin: Silk 絲.
Country: China.
Region: Far East Asia.

Description: The zhonghu (中胡, pinyin: zhōnghú) is a low-pitched Chinese bowed string instrument. Together with the erhu and gaohu, it is a member of the huqin family. It was developed in the 1940s as the alto member of the huqin family [similar in range to the European viola] to increase the pitch range of the instruments used in a Chinese orchestra. The zhonghu is analogous with the erhu, but is slightly larger and lower pitched. Its body is covered on the playing end with snakeskin.

Tuning: The instrument has two strings, which are generally tuned to the interval of a fifth, to A and E or to G and D (this latter tuning equivalent to the violin’s lowest two strings).

Citations: Tsui Yingfang (archived from 14 May 2014). The Concise Garland Encyclopedia of World Music, Volume 2. Routledge. p. 1119. ISBN 9781136095948