Membranophones

A membranophone is any musical instrument which produces sound primarily by way of a vibrating stretched membrane. It is one of the four main divisions of instruments in the original Hornbostel-Sachs scheme of musical instrument classification.

Most membranophones are drums. Hornbostel-Sachs divides drums into three main types: struck drums, where the skin is hit with a stick, the hand, or something else; string drums, where a knotted string attached to the drum’s skin is pulled, passing its vibrations onto the skin; and friction drums, where some sort of rubbing motion causes the skin to vibrate. A common type of friction drum has a stick passing through a hole in the skin which is pulled back and forth.

In addition to drums, there is another kind of membranophone, called the singing membranophone, of which the best known type is the kazoo. These instruments modify a sound produced by something else, commonly the human voice, by having a skin vibrate with it.

21: by hitting the drum-skin with a hand or object, most common form, including the timpani and snare drum.

22: by pulling a knotted string attached to the drum-skin, common in Indian drums, and can be considered an example of a chordophone as well.

23: by rubbing the drum-skin with a hand or object, common in Irish traditional music, an example is the bodhran.

24: by modifying sounds through a vibrating membrane, unusual form, including the kazoo

a] struck drums

b] skin is struck with ones hands, a stick / beater or something else.

c] string drums, where a knotted string attached to the drum’s skin is pulled, passing its vibrations onto the skin; and friction drums, where some sort of rubbing motion causes the skin to vibrate, a common type has a stick passing through a hole in the skin which is pulled back and forth.

d] In addition to drums, there is another kind of membranophone, called the singing membranophone, of which the best known type is the kazoo. These instruments modify a sound produced by something else, commonly the human voice, by having a skin vibrate with it.

21: by hitting the drum-skin with a hand or object, most common form, including the timpani and snare drum.

22: by pulling a knotted string attached to the drum-skin, common in Indian drums, and can be considered an example of a chordophone as well.

23: by rubbing the drum-skin with a hand or object, common in Irish traditional music, an example is the bodhran.

24: by modifying sounds through a vibrating membrane [unusual form, including the kazoo].

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