Ghafghaz

Name: Gafghaz Tar.
Type: Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#:
Country: Azerbaijan, Georgia & Armenia, North Western Iran.
Region: Caucasus.

Description: Tar [in Persian: تار‎; Azerbaijani: tar] it is a long-necked, waisted instrument. It is shared by many cultures and countries neighbouring Iran Azerbaijan, Armenia, Georgia, and others near the Caucasus region. The word tār means “string” in Persian. Dutar [two strings], sehtar [three strings] and later guitar.

Development: During the early 1870s, Sadig modelled his design after the traditional Persian tar to develop the new version of this instrument. Later this instrument became known as the Azeri tar or the Caucasus tar. In comparison the Persian tar has 6 steel strings in 3 double-courses [the low one in octave]. The Azeri tar invented by Sadig has further one extra bass-string on the side, on a raised nut and usually 2 double resonance strings via small metal nuts halfway the neck. All the strings run parallel next to the main strings over the bridge. The Azeri tar has 11 strings and 17 tones.