Taal Manjira

Name: Taal Manjira.
Type: Cymbals, Concussion Vessels > Idiophones.
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 111.142
Country: Rajasthan, India.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The taal [in Assamese: তাল; Odia: ଗିନି, Gini], manjira (also spelled manjīrā or manjeera), jalra, or gini is a pair of clash cymbals. Which make high-pitched percussion sounds. In its simplest form, it consists of a pair of small hand cymbals. The word taal comes from the Sanskrit word Tālà, literally means a clap. It is a part of Indian music and culture, used in various traditional customs e.g. Bihu music, Harinaam etc. It is a type of Ghana vadya.

Types: The Taal Manjira, the clash cymbal, taal is made of bell metals i.e. bronze, brass, copper, zinc etc. Each cymbal is connected with a cord which passes through hole in its center. The pitch of different types of taal vary according to their size, weight and the materials used. A player can also adjust the timbre by varying the point of contact while playing. The name manjira or khartal can also refer to a similar instrument made of a wooden frame with rows of cymbals inside.

Bortaal (Assamese: বৰতাল) is the big size clash cymbal, Its weight approx. 1½−2 kg. The player who plays Bortaal is called in Assam as Gayan. Bortaal is a symbol of Assamese traditional culture. Sometimes, the players perform dance-music with both e.g. in Gayan-Bayan, Bortaal Nritya etc. Sometimes the player perform with only music e.g. in Harinaam, Dihanaam etc. The rhythmic high-pitched sound of the Bortaal makes the surroundings pure and sacred.

Majutaal (Assamese: মাজুতাল) is medium size clash cymbal, Khutitaal or Harutaal (in Assamese: খুটিতাল বা সৰু তাল) is small size clash cymbal. It is also known name as Manjira. It is generally used in traditional, folk and classical music in India. It is also used in dance in Bharat Natyam, Kuchipudi Manipuri Mohiniattam Andhra Natyam Kathakali This Instrument has some other names e.g. thaaleaj [Kashmir], taalam, tala, jalra etc. Ramtaal or Khoritaal (in Assamese: ৰামতাল বা খৰিতাল) are two wooden handled musical instruments, containing multiple pairs of small cymbals. It is generally known India as Khartal.

In Religion: In Hindu religious contexts it is known as karatalas (Sanskrit: करताळं, IAST: Karatāḷaṁ) pronounced “karataala”, literally beat-tala hand -kara. Typically used to accompany devotional music such as bhajan and kirtan. They are commonly used by Hare Krishna devotees when performing harinam, but are ubiquitous to all Hindu devotional music.

Construction: The clash cymbal, taal is made of bell metals i.e. bronze, brass, copper, zinc etc. Each cymbal is connected with a cord which passes through hole in its center. The pitch of different types of taal vary according to their size, weight and the materials used. A player can also adjust the timbre by varying the point of contact while playing. Manjiras are usually made of bronze, brass, copper, or zinc. The name manjira or khartal can also refer to a similar instrument made of a wooden frame with rows of cymbals inside.