Name: Chiwang.
Type: Spike Lutes > Chordophone.
Hornbostel Sachs No#: 321.313
Country: Bhutan.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The chiwang [Dzongkha: སྤྱི་དབང་; Wylie: spyi-dbang]. It is a type of spike-fiddle played in Bhutan. The chiwang, the lingm [flute] and the dramyen [lute] comprise the basic instrumental inventory for traditional Bhutanese folk music. Although the chiwang is considered typically Bhutanese, it is a variety of the piwang a Tibetan two-stringed fiddle. It is heavily associated with boedra, one of two dominant genres of Bhutanese folk music, in which it symbolizes a horse.

Citations: Kinga, Sonam 2003. “The Attributes and Values of Folk and Popular Songs” (PDF). Journal of Bhutan Studies. 3 (1): 132–170. Retrieved 2011-10-30. Dorji, C. T 1994. History of Bhutan Based on Buddhism. Sangay Xam; Prominent Publishers. p. 15. ISBN 81-86239-01-4. Retrieved 2011-10-30. Clements, William M. 2006. The Greenwood Encyclopedia of World Folklore and Folklife: Southeast Asia and India, Central and East Asia, Middle East. 2. Greenwood Press. pp. 106–110. ISBN 0-313-32849-8. Retrieved 2011-10-16.