Type: Lute > Chordophones.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 321.322.6
Region: Central America.
Description: The requinto as played in Mexico is a small sized guitar having six nylon strings with a scale length of 530 to 540 millimetres (20.9 to 21.3 in). which is about 18% smaller than a standard guitar scale. It was made popular throughout the 40’s by Mexican guitarist/vocalist Alfredo Gil of romantic music trio “Los Panchos.” Requinto guitars are also used throughout Latin America.
Tunings: requintos are tuned A2-D3-G3-C4-E4-A4 one fourth higher than the standard classical guitar.
Construction: Requintos that are made in Mexico have a deeper body than a standard classical guitar (110 millimetres (4.3 in) as opposed to 105 millimetres (4.1 in). Requintos made in Spain tend to be of the same depth as the standard classical.