Name: Kanjira.
Type: Membranophones > Drums > Frames.
Hornbostel-Sachs No#: 211.311
Country: India.
Region: South Asia.

Description: The Kanjira, Kanjira, Khanjiri or Ganjira is a frame drum that is of the tambourine family. It has originally been used to play folk and bhajan music for many centuries. It was modified into a frame drum with a single pair of jingles by Manpoondia Pillai.

In the 1880s, who is credited with introducing the instrument to the classical stage. It is primarily used  in concerts of Carnatic or South Indian Classical Music as a supporting instrument to the mrdangam.

Citations: Bibliography: Prema Kasturi: Chithra Madhavan [2007]; South India heritage: an introduction, by East West Books [Madras] p. 593 ISBN: 978-81-88661-64-0 Websites: